With 3,957 children and 23,803 adults missing and unaccounted for over a 15-year period (2000-2015), the, is something not to be dismissed. DM, Dr Marcel van der Watt, PhD, is a senior lecturer at the Department of Police Practice, University of South Africa. News Many people submit to exploitation because they really believe they have no reasonable alternative but to submit. associated with the reporting and documenting of trafficking cases that adversely affects available statistics. Most recently, in 2020 and in a similar vein, the Centre for Child Law at the University of Pretoria published a report titled “Child trafficking in South Africa: Exploring the myths and realities”. Notably, the support for the decriminalisation of “sex work” and non-securitisation of migration are firmly rooted in this sceptical view about human trafficking. Ireland does not allow the sale of alcohol on Good Friday. Professor Dempsey concludes that researchers of this study incorrectly coded some cases as not being trafficking and, thus, “undercounted the prevalence of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation”. The rescue of 11 women suspected to be human trafficking victims in Northern Cape and North West recently has put human trafficking in the spotlight. Michelle Dempsey, Professor of Law at Villanova University in the US. relating to the application that an unmarried father be allowed to notify the birth of his child under his surname in the absence of the child’s mother in terms of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 51 of 1992. The U.S. Department … The Nigerian Citizen Association of South Africa is set to embark on a march against crime, human trafficking, gender-based violence and drugs. The legally binding definition of the crime of human trafficking as prescribed in the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act 7 of 2013 (PACOTIP) was either truncated or incorrectly employed by the research team, and key definitions such as the “abuse of vulnerability” omitted. This sceptical view correctly questions inflated and sensationalist prevalence figures, but bizarrely disregards qualitative evidence-based data, thereby declaring that human trafficking is a perpetuated myth and not a problem. Only one successful child trafficking prosecution is cited in the Centre for Child Law report, yet there have been at least 22 successful child trafficking prosecutions in South Africa that show, among others, that children are in fact trafficked into sexual exploitation, that places of exploitation are seamlessly embedded in communities, and that countless victims remain undetected. Five suspects have been arrested in connection with human trafficking allegations. Right now, dismissing and downplaying issues related to both adult and child trafficking are matters of great consequence. for the crime to continue flourishing. Research, however, is only as good as its sources. The problem with both the sensationalist and sceptical views is that inaccurate data, based on a lack of understanding of the many limitations of TIP research, may be offered as truth. Anecdotal evidence suggests that South … The latter scenario is often propelled by adverse social circumstances, economic circumstances, being addicted to drugs, being undocumented in the country, or being a child. Research, however, is only as good as its sources. Available. Professor Dempsey concludes that researchers of this study incorrectly coded some cases as not being trafficking and, thus, “undercounted the prevalence of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation”. A recent report by the Centre for Child Law at the University of Pretoria, Child Trafficking in South Africa: Exploring the Myths and Realities, explains, “What is known about trafficking is largely based on ad hoc studies, questionable and outdated statistics, anecdotal information and common myths. This sceptical view correctly questions inflated and sensationalist prevalence figures, but bizarrely disregards qualitative evidence-based data, thereby declaring that human trafficking is a perpetuated myth and not a problem. Human trafficking: hundreds rescued in West Africa Operation Epervier II sees hundreds rescued from human traffickers LYON, France – Almost 220 victims of human trafficking have been rescued by police in Benin and Nigeria in an operation coordinated by INTERPOL. Human trafficking has been in existence from time immemorial, and South Africa presents the ideal climate for the crime to continue flourishing. Contemporarily, the issue of human trafficking in Africa is taking a new dimension with the evolving menace of human trafficking into baby factories (or ‘baby farms’) for baby making coming to the centre stage. That’s what we want from our members. South Africa is considered to be on the “Tier 2 Watchlist” for human trafficking. Furthermore, during the launch of the report on 21 August 2020, the Centre for Child Law research team claimed that a systematic review of the literature was conducted, yet many relevant local research studies were simply not cited. There are many great benefits to being a Maverick Insider. In contrast, a widely cited 2008 research study reported little evidence to substantiate the notion of trafficking in the sex trade and no evidence of children in brothels or children being forced by a third party to sell sex. However, this pertinent evidence was not cited or considered. Help us learn with your expertise and insights on articles that we publish. The United States has listed 13 African countries as among the 23 worst offenders for human trafficking. Hundreds if not thousands of underage South African girls are lured into human trafficking by refugees in South Africa who have fled their war-torn African countries. These predisposing vulnerabilities, exploited by traffickers, are clearly acknowledged in South Africa’s PACOTIP Act. On the one side of the continuum, the prevalence of trafficking is presented sensationally, with unsubstantiated and inflated guesstimates, which create “, a credibility dilemma, detract from a constructive conversation and frustrate efforts to understand the multilayered realities of the problem, However, on the other extreme of the continuum, an equally disconcerting trend has emerged over the past 12 years. Nigerian Citizen Association to march against human trafficking, GBV and drugs 15 October 2020, 9:50 AM. His criminal justice doctoral thesis is titled “Investigating human trafficking for sexual exploitation: From lived experiences towards a complex systems understanding.”, Dr Beatri Kruger, LLD, is a research fellow at the Free State Centre for Human Rights, University of the Free State. Though he argued that the incidence has been going-on for a while now in some parts of the world, but it is rising in a … Please note you must be a Maverick Insider to comment. The team behind the study focused on 53 court cases from 2006 to 2020, which took place in 15 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America and the European Court of Human Rights and included a female defendant that was also a victim of trafficking for sexual exploitation. reports by the State Department in the United States dating back to 2001, suggest that human trafficking is indeed a concerning reality in South Africa. It contributes to the undercounting of TIP cases and has also been reported in numerous South African TIP studies. The burning question at the centre of this discussion is: “How big is the problem?”. Conversations and opinions about human trafficking and child kidnappings have again become commonplace at our proverbial dinner tables after the most recent footage of a man attempting to snatch a girl child from her mother went viral. Human trafficking is a global problem affecting millions of people and many countries. Everybody has an opinion but not everyone has the knowledge and the experience to contribute meaningfully to a discussion. Blasting News accompanied the Vice Squad in Cape Town, South Africa and discovered the root or source of human trafficking-- African syndicates operating throughout South Africa. All authors write in their personal capacities. Pretoria, South Africa - 2 May 2019 - The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development launched, in collaboration with UNODC and under the framework of the Global Action against Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants ( GLO.ACT), on 25 April 2019 the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons National Policy Framework (NPF). And two-thirds of this figure is generated from sexual exploitation, according to a 2014 report by the International Labor Organization. The NPF seeks to ensure all government … If you suspect or know of someone who has been trafficked, contact 080 022 2777. For all official information and updates regarding COVID-19, visit the South African Department of Health's website at www.sacoronavirus.co.za. UN Women has raised the red flag on the acute rise of online trafficking targeting girls and women during this Covid-19 pandemic period. Human Trafficking: Biggest arrests in South Africa By Shifaan Ryklief Dec 6, 2020 South Africa is classified as a source, transit and destination country for human trafficking, … We call for ethical research in matters related to human trafficking, incorporating a wide range of stakeholders and the voices of victims and survivors, and the transparent dissemination of research findings and methodologies employed that enable readers to be more informed and knowledgeable. View our comments policy here. 105 days ago According to the most recent human population … Again, no mention was made of alternative relevant evidence in South Africa including available qualitative research data (from more than 1,120 participants – including TIP victims, counter-trafficking practitioners and survivors), police statistics, or child trafficking convictions in our courts. On the one side of the continuum, the prevalence of trafficking is presented sensationally, with unsubstantiated and inflated guesstimates, which create “a credibility dilemma, detract from a constructive conversation and frustrate efforts to understand the multilayered realities of the problem”. As multidisciplinary researchers, we are also open to further discussions and conversations about this important field of study. Human trafficking has been in existence from time immemorial, and South Africa presents. Research for the 2020 report included 34 interviews and two focus group discussions with unaccompanied migrant children and stakeholders. If you suspect or know of someone who has been trafficked, contact 080 022 2777. This is particularly concerning when the public at large and even the Constitutional Court are misled by research and sensational information that is effectively disengaged from available evidence and the day-to-day realities of frontline TIP practitioners, victims and survivors themselves. In Ghana, the internal trafficking of children into hazardous labour is a major challenge. Generally, South African girls are trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and domestic servitude, while boys are used for street vending, food service, and agriculture. The problem with both the sensationalist and sceptical views is that inaccurate data, based on a lack of understanding of the many limitations of TIP research, may be offered as truth. Jagwa added that domestic human trafficking was “a growing activity in South Africa. A case in point is a recent, (Centre for Child Law vs DG Home Affairs, case number CCT 101/20). The latter scenario is often propelled by adverse social circumstances, economic circumstances, being addicted to drugs, being undocumented in the country, or being a child. During times like these, many contested questions and their equally contested answers abound. Human trafficking campaign coming to a clinic and supermarket near you Human trafficking is real and it is happening in SA, according to the organisers of a new global campaign. During Monday’s news conference, First Lady Peggy McMaster declared January to be Human Trafficking Awareness Month in South Carolina. While this study included prostituted persons, brothel owners and a pimp, frontline counter-trafficking practitioners and survivors were excluded. With 3,957 children and 23,803 adults missing and unaccounted for over a 15-year period (2000-2015), the human trafficking nexus is something not to be dismissed. This is particularly concerning when the public at large and even the Constitutional Court are misled by research and sensational information that is effectively disengaged from available evidence and the day-to-day realities of frontline TIP practitioners, victims and survivors themselves. This is according to anti-human trafficking non-profit organisation, A21. (Photo: Adobe Stock), Recent weeks have seen mass panic and paranoia sweeping through South Africa’s media and online platforms. ... and updated as new resources are discovered. The arrests took place after two brothels were raided in Kuruman in the Northern Cape and Rustenburg in North West. Human trafficking in South Africa occurs as a practice of forced labour and commercial sexual exploitation among imported and exported trafficked men, women, and children. Africa Check takes a look at two claims made by influential South African television presenter and DJ Lerato Kganyago about human trafficking in South Africa. Right now, dismissing and downplaying issues related to both adult and child trafficking are matters of great consequence. It is based primarily on child migration as a child protection issue and makes sweeping generalisations about child trafficking in South Africa. The positive aspect of recent cases in human trafficking “is that we as a society are finally no longer turning a blind eye.” Urmila Bhoola of South Africa, the UN Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery, told IPS last March that slavery was the first human rights issue to … Click here to see other benefits and to sign-up to our reader community supporting quality, independent journalism. reported little evidence to substantiate the notion of trafficking in the sex trade and no evidence of children in brothels or children being forced by a third party to sell sex. I was working for a human rights NGO and attending a workshop in South Africa. South African Catholic Bishop’s Conference. Most recently, in 2020 and in a similar vein, the Centre for Child Law at the University of Pretoria. Human trafficking is a $150 billion global industry. What is more, available relevant evidence-based data on the trafficking realities in South Africa, including police statistics and numerous successful child trafficking prosecutions was made available by the authors to the study team in the months leading up to the finalisation of their report. A handful of previous studies and the annual. While the report highlighted some worrying experiences of child migrants in South Africa, there is limited engagement on weighty matters related to agency and the acute vulnerabilities faced by children at risk of trafficking and child victims of trafficking in South Africa. titled “Child trafficking in South Africa: Exploring the myths and realities”. Phone: +27 12 342 2789. The findings of this study continue to garner doubt from both local frontline counter-trafficking practitioners and internationally as well. Countless examples of non-response and indifference exist. Her doctoral thesis is titled “Combating human trafficking: a South African legal perspective.”, Dr Ajwang Warria, D Litt et Phil, is a senior lecturer in the Department of Social Work at the University of the Witwatersrand. SABC Digital News producer Lebo Tshangela speaks to Principal Communications Officer at the South African Police Service, Katlego Mogale about job scams linked to human trafficking in the country. Convincing, coherent and consistent evidence of adult and child trafficking in South Africa does in fact exist. We encourage different, respectful viewpoints to further our understanding of the world. Hawks’ boss says judgement is ‘far-reaching’. In South Africa, claims by anti-trafficking campaigners and NGOs include that 30,000 children are trafficked into the country annually as part of the sex trade. However, the report does not directly speak to child trafficking as a phenomenon experienced by child migrants in South Africa, and nor does it adequately explore any of the claimed myths in the data collected, analysis and discussion. There are. Michelle Dempsey, Professor of Law at Villanova University in the US, identified a number of shortfalls in the study that reduces the validity of findings and pointed out that the researchers have “radically truncated the scope of the definition” of human trafficking and even excluded cases “involving the use of force”. Sign up here or sign in if you are already an Insider. In 2019 the hotline reported 103 trafficking cases to authorities, with feedback outstanding on 82 cases, and so far in 2020, 68 cases have been reported with feedback outstanding on 63 cases. There are multilayered and perplexing problems associated with the reporting and documenting of trafficking cases that adversely affects available statistics. Onuoha revealed this new wave of human trafficking in recent times. It was in 1998. 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South Africa is to fast-track a comprehensive new law against human trafficking before the start of the soccer World Cup, Justice Minister Jeff Radebe said on Tuesday. in the study that reduces the validity of findings and pointed out that the researchers have “radically truncated the scope of the definition” of human trafficking and even excluded cases “involving the use of force”. From the mid-2000s, conflicting views emerged on the scope and nature of human trafficking in South Africa. On 14 September, South African television presenter and DJ Lerato Kganyago tweeted: "South Africa is considered to be on the 'Tier 2 Watchlist' for human trafficking. The conflicting responses to this question range from one extreme to the other. Her doctoral thesis is titled: “Development of psychosocial guidelines for transnational trafficked children.”, Dr Monique Emser, PhD, is a senior lecturer in the International and Public Affairs Cluster, University of Kwazulu-Natal. What we have found [in the past] is it was usually Eastern Europeans and Asians that … The concerns raised by Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng will remain valid. The Nigerian Citizen Association of South Africa is set to embark on a march against crime, human trafficking, gender-based violence and drugs. Like the many other forms of exploitation, sex trafficking is by no means a mythical figment, but rather so intractable, intersectional, and systemic that it is hard to count in a society where indifference and multiple layers of violence are commonplace. Her doctoral thesis is titled: “Co-mapping the maze: A complex systems view of human trafficking in the Eastern Cape.”. These predisposing vulnerabilities, exploited by traffickers, are clearly acknowledged in South Africa’s PACOTIP Act. However, the report does not directly speak to child trafficking as a phenomenon experienced by child migrants in South Africa, and nor does it adequately explore any of the claimed myths in the data collected, analysis and discussion. The following is being republished from UN News, LILONGWE (IDN) – I was a young, recent law graduate when I first experienced the horrors of human trafficking. In its 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report … One study goes so far as to conclude that pressure to comply with international commitments appears to have “contributed to the creation of sex trafficking as a social problem in South Africa”. A case in point is a recent Constitutional Court matter (Centre for Child Law vs DG Home Affairs, case number CCT 101/20) relating to the application that an unmarried father be allowed to notify the birth of his child under his surname in the absence of the child’s mother in terms of the Births and Deaths Registration Act 51 of 1992. BECOME AN INSIDER. Maxwell Matewere, a Malawian crime prevention expert with the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), has been active in the anti-human trafficking field for more than two … South Africa remains a primary source, destination, and transit country for human trafficking. Two suspects arrested in Rustenburg in the North West on charges of human trafficking will appear in court on Tuesday. Her doctoral thesis is titled: “The politics of human trafficking in South Africa: A case study of the Kwazulu-Natal intersectoral task team.”, Dr Amanda van der Westhuizen, D.Phil, is a research associate at the Department of Psychology, University of Pretoria and a Master’s of Public Health candidate at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Recognizing the Signs of Human Trafficking. Many people submit to exploitation because they really believe they have no reasonable alternative but to submit. A handful of previous studies and the annual Trafficking-in-Persons (TIP) reports by the State Department in the United States dating back to 2001, suggest that human trafficking is indeed a concerning reality in South Africa. MAVERICK INSIDERS CAN COMMENT. The rescue of 11 women suspected to be human trafficking victims in the Northern Cape and North West recently has put human trafficking in the spotlight. While this study included prostituted persons, brothel owners and a pimp, frontline counter-trafficking practitioners and survivors were excluded. It is based primarily on child migration as a child protection issue and makes sweeping generalisations about child trafficking in South Africa.