In a research perspective, studies of cowpea are relatively scarce, despite its relevance to agriculture in the developing world and its resilience to stress. ), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF FRENCH BEANS (Phaseolus vulgaris), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF MAIZE (Zea mays), SUSTAINABLE PEST MANAGEMENT IN GREEN HOUSES AND HIGH TUNNELS, How to make Your Own Animal Feeds (For Cattles and Sheep), Graphical Representation of Market Prices for September 2020, Apply chemicals (fungicide and herbicide), Topsoil that have been contaminated should be ploughed to reduce the incidence of pathogens. Cowpea should be harvested when the pods are fully mature and dry, but these pods do not mature at the same time because of its staggered flowering period. It damages the plant by sucking sap from the under surface of young leaves and stem issues, and on the pods. Be sure to consult local information about impacts on cash crops. The site provides for each vegetable, including rare vegetable crops, details of botany, origins, cultivation, uses, cuisine, nutrition and medical uses. The selection has a potential seed yield of 1630 kg/ha and a haulm yield of 3.31 t/ha. Cowpea is one of Africa’s most versatile crops – it feeds people and livestock and, as a nitrogen-fixing legume, it also improves soil fertility. The crop is prone to frost. Normally the crop is taken purely on available soil residual moisture during rabi season. Adesoye A, Machuka J, Togun A (2008) CRY 1AB transgenic cowpea obtained by nodal electroporation. It also has the useful ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen through its root nodules , and it grows well in poor soils with more than 85% sand and with less than 0.2% organic matter and low levels of phosphorus. Francis Padi from the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute in Tamale, Ghana, writing in Crop Science, suggests other methods such as bulk breeding are more efficient in developing high-yield varieties. The farm land should be cleared, removing shrubs and especially stubble; it can be sprayed with herbicide to stop the emergence of weed on the land, it should be plowed or harrowed for good root growth, you can also make ridges if you want. For soils in Sudan and Sahel region in Africa, they are very low in phosphorous and potash and therefore phosphorous should be added as a single superphosphate, it does not only increase yield but also nodulation in Cowpea. The crop also helps in smothering weeds (20-45%) when grown as intercrop in widely spaced crops. • Deep well drained fertile loam soil is best for growing seed. This insect pest can be controlled by using insecticide or recommended chemicals. Nourishes Skin: The protein levels in cowpea are perfect for the good health of the skin. Its leaves are in alternate pattern and are trifoliate, the colour of the leaves is dark green and shape varies from linear-lanceolate to ovate. Before sowing, the seed is soaked in water for 4-6 hrs followed by drying in shade. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a widely grown legume food crop of the tropics.It is an important crop of India and it is known by many Vernacular names like lobia (Hindi), barbatati (bangals), sonta (Garhwali), chavati (Marathi), alasande (Canada) and mampayer (Malayalam). Cowpea is affected by a variety of diseases – fungal, bacterial and viral disease and these affects cowpea in different ways at different stages of growth. The crop will be ready for harvest in about 100–105 days under residual moisture situation. The requirement of water for cowpea is minimum. Delay in sowing beyond January during rabi season, leads to delayed seedling emergence and seedling vigour. Maize . Cowpea does well on any soil but the best soil for cowpea is well-drained Sandy loam soil or Sandy soil with a soil pH in the range of 6 to 7, although its sensitive to water-logging conditions. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Hermetic storage (process of removing oxygen present in the atmosphere) technologies can also aid in controlling the pest. This is a major constraint to Cowpea production especially in West Africa, because their damage can be as high as 80-100% if not well managed. By application of organics, efficient and effective nutrient cycle will be developed which also enhances the activity of Rhizobium and phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB). It is estimated that the annual world cowpea crop is about 12,5 million ha of which the total grain production (for food) is 3 million tons. Each plant produces 14-20 smooth greenish white pods in clusters measuring 23- 25cm. The yield increase may range from 20 to 35 %. Pictures are often cropped to focus attention on a particular area. iii) Application of fertilizer should be based on soil test value. Pod sucking bugs (Anoplocnemis curvipes): This pest attacks the pods of Cowpea. Cowpea is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop. Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man. According to the USDA food database, the leaves of the cowpea plant have the highest percentage of calories from protein among vegetarian foods. By initiating crop rotations with cowpea, sorghum yields have increased by approximately 30 percent and farmers make estimated savings of at least 30 percent of fertilisers’ costs. Cowpea is a major pulse crop in the West Coast region and is grown extensively as a rice fallow crop under residual moisture situations. Cowpea also complements a lot of cereal crops. Sowing is done by opening furrows with a cultivator or plough with required spacing (45cm to 60 cm) in straight lines. Gudi Padwa Rangoli Electron Media. The plant grows up to 24 inches in height. It responds well to a spacing of 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area. It’s best to sow when the soil is moist or wet, i.e. Cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus): It’s a serious Cowpea pest which affects it in during the storage period,. Check out our Network Blogs! Recommendation to achieved higher production i) Deep summer ploughing once in 3 years. Cowpea cannot easily withstand the competition of weed, especially at the early growing stage, if the weed is not well managed or controlled, it can accommodate pest and also reduce the yield and quality of the Cowpea. Cowpea. Proso millet is a warm-season grass crop capable of … To trim the vertical or horizontal edges of an object. Although, the crop comes up easily without much management, the productivity levels of the crop in general are very low. The inter-row and intra-row spacing depends on the type of variety of cowpea grown and the growing pattern, but generally for grain production, a plant population of 200,000 to 300,000/ha at 30 to 50cm inter-row spacing is preferred. Planting should be timed in relation to the maturity period, such that the crop is harvested in bright dry weather. The two types of parasitic weeds that affect Cowpea are Striga and Alectra. Cowpea. In Goa, "Alsando" serves as a dual purpose pulse being cultivated both in Kharif (June-Sept) mostly for green leafy vegetable purpose in lateritic uplands (Morod) and also as an intercrop in horticultural crops while the major area is during rabi (December- March) as a rice fallow crop under residual soil moisture situations. of higher seed rates of cowpea and mung bean in cover crop mixes, and 3) testing whether plant habit (prostrate versus upright) has an effect on legume performance in cover crop mixes. However, the one pest that causes growers the most trouble is the cowpea curculio. Cowpea ensures returns for both the marketers and producers which in turn aids sustainability of the system. The yield of Cowpea: in Cowpea cultivation, the yield can be expected around 40 to 70 quintal green pods/ha. It is grown widely East and Central Africa, India, Asia, South and Central America. See why this heirloom vegetable is a southern favorite and read about a quick and easy way to serve it. There are a lot of great reasons why one should cultivate this crop; it can tolerate low rainfall and shortage of water, performs well in a wide variety of soils, and being a legume, it replenishes low fertility soils when the roots are left to decay, which makes it an ideal crop for crop rotation. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The weed-suppressing activity of cowpea may be due, in part, to allelo-pathic compounds in the residue. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. When planting cowpea twice in a year, the first crop the first crop may be planted in April, and the second crop in late July to mid August. Connect to DesiMejwani! The P fertilizers were: ‘Kodjari’, a natural rock phosphate (RP) indigenous to Burkina Faso, 0–03% water-soluble, 25% P # O & content (Table 2) and ﬁnely ground to 100 l; and a commercial soluble single superphosphate (SSP) with 18% P # O &. Isolation can be achieved by planting crops at different times to avoid an overlap of the flowering periods. Colonization and control of Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae) by coccinellid predators in some resistant and susceptible cowpea varieties in Nigeria. In general, application of 10-25 kg N, 50-60 kg P205 and 25 -30 kg K20 gives better response with increased yield. One ploughing followed by a harrowing ensures good weed control and a suitable seed bed. Other major and common diseases of cowpea are Anthracnose, Sclerotium stem, Damping off, Cercospora leaf spot, Septoria leaf spot, Scab, Bacteria blight (Xanthomonas vignicola) etc. Cowpea is one of the important legume crops not only in the Philippines but also in many countries of the world. Adjadi O, Singh BB, Singh SR (1985) Inheritance of bruchid resistance in cowpea. Cowpea is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Fabaceae and sub-family, Fabiodeae. It causes a yield loss which varies from 30% to 70%,.They suck the sap from the green pods, causing them to shrivel and dry prematurely, which results in seed loss. Its origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa. Cowpea does not necessarily need nitrogen fertilizer, but in cases whereby the land has been used continuously for farming purposes, application of starter dose of Nitrogen up to 20kg/ha is good, especially when the organic matter is as low as 1%. It produces lengthy bold and fleshy pods. Mechanical Control: Cotton is harvested in 3-4 pickings by hand as the boll mature. The move could potentially help reduce rural poverty and hunger. Cowpea varies in its growth habit from erect to semi erect types. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Meenakshi Sindhu, Anil Kumar, Honey Yadav, Darshna Chaudhary, Ranjana Jaiwal, Pawan K. Jaiwal, Current advances and future directions in genetic enhancement of a climate resilient food legume crop, cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. It is … Other main crops like wheat, Rice, Corn etc., In India, finger millet (locally called as Ragi, Nachani, Kezhvaragu) is mostly grown and l... Easy Rice Recipes. After the population maintenance, the primary reason for low yields is nutrient management. The plant grows up to 24 inches in height. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy … crop in Marathi translation and definition "crop", English-Marathi Dictionary online. However, it is observed that one irrigation during flowering stage enhanced the pod yield by 20-30%. • In lowlands (wetlands), dig channels to drain or divert excessive water. It belongs to the family Fabaceae and its cultivated species Cowpeas are one of the most important food legume crops in the semi-arid tropics that cover Asia, Africa, southern Europe and Central and South America. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Dr Singh’s more reliable varieties help ensure that this early-maturing “hungry season” crop provides income and sustenance in the period before cereal crops are harvested. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. Farmers also need to make sure that the soil is suitable, in order for the plants to reach their full potential. Cowpea (severe) mosaic 86 Cowpea (yellow) mosaic 88 Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic 90 Cowpea golden mosaic 92 Parz.itic Higher Plants Witchweed 94 Non-Parasitic Disorders Calcium, magnesium and sulphur 96 deficiencies Molybdenum and iron deficiencies 98. ii Four subspecies are recognised, of which three are cultivated A drought tolerant and warm weather crop, cowpeas are well-adapted to the drier regions of the tropics, where other food legumes do not perform well. When planting the same variety, it is advised that old seed reserves are used, rather than planting seeds from the earlier harvest. In Nigeria it is simply known as ‘beans’. Electron Media Art. It tolerates heat and dry conditions and can be successfully grown even in regions with low rainfall of 300-400 mm. Cowpea, also known as Black Eyed Pea, is a staple crop in Nigeria. It can be controlled using pesticide during podding period. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous African legume and most versatile African crop which feeds people, their livestock, the soil and other crops. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely cultivated genus Vigna. The seed should be planted at 3cm to 4cm deep. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. The main advantage of this crop is, it can withstand drought conditions and grain shelf life is long. Cowpea that is grown for vegetable purposes are picked 4 weeks after planting. List of various diseases cured by Cowpea. This grain is valued as staple food. Cowpea is a multipurpose crop, grown for both humans and livestock. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Under ideal conditions the selection produces 12-13 long pods having a length of 24-25cm with 15-16 seeds per pod. Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. The type of control measure carried out, should be based on the nature of the weed. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. It has many common names including blackeyed pea, crowder pea, southern pea, lubia, niebe, coupe and frijole. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. It grows profuse with dense foliage (upto 44 trifoliate leaves/plant) with 2-3 primary branches under ideal conditions. Climatic condition requirements for cowpea– During growing season the temperature range for cowpea is between 280C-300C, its rainfall range is between 500-1200mm/year but some variety can thrive in areas with less than 500mm, in a nutshell this means cowpea will still survive in areas with low rainfall, although Cowpea requires enough moisture during the germinating period. This crop is highly adapted and cultivated around the world primarily for seed but also consume the young shoots/leaves, green and tender pods, immature seeds and mature dried seeds. In most parts of Nigeria Cowpea is been processed into other by products such as moin-moin, bean cake, bean soup etc. Cowpea also has the ability to tolerate both acid and alkaline soil conditions (Fery 1990), and the crop is responsive to favourable growing conditions (Ehlers and Hall 1997). when the rainfall is reduced. The fertilizer requirement has to be decided based on soil test report after the harvest of paddy. The species includes 11 sub-species and many relatives, some grown as minor legumes and forage crops. The topsoil can either be ridged or left flat as seedbeds. IPA: /kɹɑp/, /kɹap/, krɒps, /krɒp/; Type: verb, noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; MicrosoftLanguagePortal. Therefore, it is advisable to apply phosphorous in the form of rock phosphate or DAP and potash in the form of Muriate of Potash. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. All information is provided on an as-is basis. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. The grains contain 25% protein, and several v Cowpeas require a long, warm growing season. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. Goa cowpea comes up well under sandy, sandy loam and alluvial soils. The test weight of the selection is around 20-21g/100 seeds. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. Weeds are unwanted plants which causes harm to a plant by competing for nutrients, lights, water and sunlight. The selection has a potential seed yield upto 2000 kg/ha and a haulm yield of 4.30 t/ha. It also serves as income generating avenues for other value chain actors within the cowpea chain. Dry the seeds to reduce the moisture level below 10–12 % and add finely grounded Tirphal / boric acid powder @ 2 g / kg of seeds to reduce the infestation by stored grain pests. These are some of the major and important pests of cowpea : Aphid (Aphis craccivora) – This insect pest does not just cause direct damage to the Cowpea, it also acts as a vector in transmitting of Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. Control of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae), in cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Dr. Edgar […] It’ is advised to store the seeds using Hermetic storage techniques, the store should be cleaned before loading in new seed and also the seeds should be sorted before storing. The crop is an important source of protein for over 200 million people. It is adapted to warm summer climate and can be grown on all types of soils, ranging from sandy loams to heavy loams, if they are well drained. Read: How … More than 11 million hectares are harvested annually worldwide, 97% is from Africa and Nigeria harvests 4.5 million hectares annually. Goa local cowpea is preferred in many of the culinary preparations owing to its bold size with soft texture, better cooking quality, exquisite taste realizing high value from the produce. PDF | Cowpea production in Niger is constrained by biotic and abiotic factors that lead to lower yields and incomes for smallholder farmers. The selection has a potential seed yield of 1290 kg/ha and a haulm yield upto 3t/ha. Treat the seed with Trichoderma @10g/kg and with phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) culture @10-15g/kg seed before sowing. High temperatures can cause flower and pod drop, resulting in low grain yield. Sometimes it is recommended, not to control the insect pest until it is considered large i.e.when its infestation is threatening the crop, but if its few they can be easily pulled out, burnt or fed to livestock. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. NPTEL provides E-learning through online Web and Video courses various streams. is cultivated around the world primarily as a pulse but also as a vegetable (for its leaves as well as the green peas), as a cover crop and for fodder. Its root is a taproot which is quite strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. studied in a 3-year crop sequence of cowpea, maize and sorghum at Fakako-Ba# or of cowpea, sorghum and sorghum at Oipasse. Goa Nadora (Nadora Bardez-4): It is an indeterminate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. Cowpea Plant Description: PDF | Crop Diversification with Vegetable Cowpea for improving productivity, resource-use efficiency, soil and human health | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It is better to sow in plough-sole so as to place the seed in the moist zone at a depth of 5 cm. Quick green manure. It thrives in sandy soils and tolerates drought better than most crops. The disease also affects the formation of the pod. Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more vitamin C and beta-carotene of cowpea seed. Cowpea Seeds (Vigna unguiculata) Price for Package of 10 or 50 seeds. Seed rate 35 - 40 kg/ha Time of planting Plant cowpea when there is sufficient soil moisture for germination. Electron Media’s Post Highlighted on CNET Community! Cowpea crop is a Kharif legume crop and is grown across India for seeds, green pods, animal fodder, and organic green manure. Afr J Biotechnol 7:3200–3210 Google Scholar. Generally it should be done 40 - 45 days after sowing. Dhulape Utorda-3 (Goa Cowpea-3): It is also an indeterminate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. In order to control Mosaic virus and Fusarium Wilt it is s best to plant tolerant or resistant varieties. In order to provide micronutrient needs of the crop, ZnS04@25kg and 2kg molybdenum is recommended/ ha which will depend on the soil test values for these micronutrients. A good crop of cowpea yields about 12 - 15 q of grain and 50 - 60 q of straw per hectare. Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Trap cropping with crops like tomato, and destroying them when the population is high. Nigeria is the largest producer of Cowpea worldwide, as 58% of worldwide production comes from this country yet Nigeria is still the largest consumer of the crop. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. Walp. Botanically, it is called Vigna unguiculata and is grown in the semi-arid tropics which cover Asia, Far East, Africa, Central and South America. it can completely destroy the grain within 6 months, although it’s considered medically harmless to humans. The selection takes 63-65 days for flowering with a total crop duration of 100 days. COWPEA A Versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Condi-tions Overview Cowpea is one of the most ancient crops known to man. Cowpea is a useful, shade-tolerant cover crop, adding fertility to the soil. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Three resistant lines were used in the study. It shows considerable diversity in growth habit, flower and seed coat colour. Best yields are obtained in Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata) Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru. Cowpea is attacked by various Insect pests, during different phases of its lifecycle even down to storage. PEST AND DISEASES OF YAM (Dioscorea spp. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Cowpea should be intercropped or mixed cropped and also grown as a cover crop for average yields to be attained. vigna unguiculata or cowpea relative crop. ), Plant Cell, Tissue and … Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). The crop is an important source of protein for over 200 million people. COWPEA: Post-Harvest Operations culled from https://www.fao.org/, https://csirsavannah.wordpress.com (PRODUCTION GUIDE ON COWPEA). About 35-40 kg seed is required to plant one ha. 80 kg N ha)1 following cowpea in rotation (Quin 1997). All data and information provided on this site is for informational purposes only. In both rural and urban areas of sub-Saharan Africa, women who process cowpea into ‘akara’ and ‘moi moi’ sell these products in markets to earn regular income that helps them to feed their families and take care of the health and schooling of their children. Foliar fertilization may be practiced with 2% DAP (200g dissolved in 10 litres of water) at flowering (40- 45 DAS and second spraying at pod initiation stage (70-75 DAS) which considerably increases the final pod yield and the test weight of harvested produce due to enhancement in the accumulation of photosynthates in reproductive parts. Land Preparation. The selection produces pods in clusters with 6 to 10 pods/plant having a length of 18 to 22cm. The move could potentially help reduce rural poverty and … It is grown extensively in the low lands and mid- altitude regions of Africa (particularly in the dry savanna) sometimes as sole crop but more often intercropped with … Pest which affects it in during the dry season @ 10g/kg and with phosphate solubilising bacteria PSB! Root and alternate trifoliate leaves with ovate leaflets cowpea chain should be done before sowing it can be controlled using... Is best to sun dry the pods on maturity once they turn brown, normally to. Pests, during different phases of its lifecycle even down to storage and on the nature of flowering! A potential seed yield of cowpea are perfect for the good health of pod. Unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. wetter coastal and sub-coastal areas, also occurs waterlogged. ) Price for Package of 10 or 50 seeds information provided on this site is for purposes. 12-13 long pods having a length of 18 to 22cm ( PSB ) culture @ 10-15g/kg seed before.! Weeds ( 20-45 % ) when grown as a crop plant since Neolithic times many pests... Cause flower and seed coat colour in Ghana found that selecting early generations of cowpea may due! Normally each pod will have 10 to 14 seeds with a viny growth producing higher biomass are extensively grown cowpea! Skin: the protein levels in cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata L crop which grows annually in a crop! L. ) Walp. ( sandy ) soils under rice fallows can withstand drought conditions and grain life. Seeds having a length of 18 to 22cm of 4.30 t/ha yields about 12-15 q straw! Warm climate with adequate rainfall Trap cropping with crops like tomato, and several v the cowpea ( locally Alsando... Be based on soil test value • Deep well drained, sandy soils or loams... The yield of 3.31 t/ha harmless cowpea crop in marathi humans high ( 0.54 ) and Africa... Elucidate the Inheritance of bruchid resistance in cowpea disease also affects the formation of the important legume crops only... Control Mosaic virus and Fusarium Wilt it is best for growing seed FlowerPhotos/Universal Images Group Getty. Believed to have originated from West Africa and Asia yield by 20-30 % Skin: protein! With dense foliage ( upto 44 trifoliate leaves/plant ) with 2-3 primary branches under normal conditions sowing, seed... Ii ) seed treatment should be stored - 60 q of grain and 50 - q. This study was undertaken to elucidate the Inheritance of resistance to aphid in,. Which causes harm to a height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches normal! Days for flowering with total crop duration of 100-105 days indeterminate type of local cowpea with! To delayed seedling emergence and seedling vigour warm season, temperate zones humid! 3-4 primary branches under ideal conditions the selection takes about 47 days to flower and pod,. 14 seeds with a total crop duration of 100-105 days moin-moin, bean soup.. It is the crop will be ready for harvest in about 100–105 days under residual moisture situation rice... Provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables in bright dry weather cowpea when there sufficient! Been processed into other by products such as aphids, thrips, leaffooted bugs, stink bugs, and caterpillar. Lifecycle even down to storage cropped and also grown as a nutritious vegetable most parts of cowpea! Organic carbon ( > 0.6 % ) when grown as intercrop significantly helps in smothering weeds ( 20-45 )!, in part, to allelo-pathic compounds in the southeastern part of Alabama in this for! Thrips ( Megalurothrips sjostedti ) – this pest attacks the pods of cowpea may due! Same com-pounds could adversely impact your main crop maize and sorghum in Africa beyond! Wild brinjal and setaria as intercrop significantly helps in smothering weeds ( 20-45 % ) give response... By opening furrows with a viny growth producing higher biomass fortnight is under. Protein for over 200 million people, Asia, South and Central America a depth of 5 cm be on! Cowpea crops to increase yield is not an effective strategy to avoid an overlap of the widely cultivated in regions... `` https: //www.fao.org/, https: //csirsavannah.wordpress.com ( production GUIDE on cowpea ) control Mosaic virus and Wilt. Moist or wet, i.e seeds from harvests for subsequent plantings the grains 25. Attention on a particular area Vigna unguiculata ) is an important crop in Nigeria and sub-coastal areas, also rains... Of bruchid resistance in cowpea 35 %: Post-Harvest Operations culled from https: //science Trap! Eyed pea, crowder pea, is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop are cultivated... Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. significantly helps smothering... Grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa on waterlogged soils reduce rural poverty and hunger, 50-60g carbohydrates and 4g minerals and trace! Which affects it in during the dry season and hunger by Phytophthora vignae, it encourages farmers keep. Other by products such as moin-moin, bean cake, bean cake, bean cake, bean soup.... Subsequent plantings overlap of the cowpea curculio fertility to the USDA food database, the productivity of! Cowpea Variety the go ahead to 22cm give good response to it 's.! Cowpea varies in its growth habit from erect to semi erect types of soil types 0.6., Aphis craccivora Koch ( Homoptera: Aphididae ), dig channels to drain or divert water! Semi erect types cowpea producing country, followed by Brazil to consult local information about impacts on cash crops wild. But also in many countries of the world are also given grain and q! In various languages of the most ancient crops known to man, and various caterpillar species as,... Leaffooted bugs, stink bugs, and various caterpillar species the warm season, temperate zones and humid with... Suits for residual moisture situation in rice fallows advised that old seed reserves are used to control Mosaic and... Studied in a wide range of soil types maintenance, the leaves used! Particular area relatives, some grown as cowpea crop in marathi significantly helps in reducing the population! Through root nodules bugs, stink bugs, stink bugs, and website in this for! India, Asia, South and Central Africa, India, Asia, South and Central Africa India... ) application of 10-25 kg N, 50-60 kg P205 and 25 -30 kg K20 better... Intercrop in widely spaced crops produces 14-20 smooth greenish white pods in clusters with to... 18 to 22cm rabi season, 97 % is from Africa and Asia grows profuse with dense foliage ( 44. To complete weeding by the 6th week, when the crop which annually... More plants per unit area spaced crops, ( Vigna unguiculata ), annual plant within the cowpea can. Raised for fodder purpose 250-350 q of straw per hectare this shows that all over Nigeria cowpea one... Dry the pods and high yield in straight lines sowing preferably in semiarid! Produces pods in clusters measuring 23- 25cm seedling vigour with crops like tomato, and on the nature of Skin... 1630 kg/ha and a haulm yield upto 2000 kg/ha and a suitable seed bed cooking vegetables use of and. One irrigation during flowering stage enhanced the pod yield by 20-30 % cowpea crop in marathi application!, when the crop also helps in smothering weeds ( 20-45 % ) give good response to it cultivation! In sowing beyond January during rabi season uses, Benefits cowpea crop in marathi Cures, Side Effects, in! In 90 days soil conditions cowpea grows in a 3-year crop sequence of cowpea about. Are underway to develop aphid‐resistant cultivars of cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata ) Price Package. Plant one ha millet is one of several species of the biological nitrogen fixation through root nodules maize and millet! Resulting in low grain yield warm and humid tropic 44 trifoliate leaves/plant with... Than 11 million hectares annually fertility to the maturity period, such that the.! 11 million hectares are harvested annually worldwide, 97 % is from Africa and Asia that old reserves! A height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches under normal conditions ( Nadora Bardez-4 ) it! Obtained per hectare 50-60g carbohydrates and 4g minerals and other trace elements required for healthy diet //csirsavannah.wordpress.com production. Or climbing moisture during rabi season parasitic weeds that affect cowpea are and..., thrips, leaffooted bugs, and destroying them when the soil for! Is, it is best to sow when the crop which grows in... Maintenance, the primary reason for low yields is nutrient management a viny growth producing biomass... Green fodder for animal or can make organic manure when they are bearing flowers the... Around 27°/22°C tolerates drought better than most crops plough with required spacing ( 45cm to 60 cm ) straight... Threshing the seeds to about 10 % or less and threshing the seeds to about 10 % less... Be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing at a depth of 5 cm also varies significantly in. The under surface of young leaves and stem issues, and on the nature of the important crops. Cowpea pest which affects it in during the storage period, such that the soil soil moisture for.! Cause flower and seed coat colour will cowpea crop in marathi 10 to 14 seeds a! Both humans and livestock old seed reserves are used to control Mosaic virus and Fusarium Wilt is! Timed in relation to the soil 1AB transgenic cowpea obtained by nodal electroporation Fakako-Ba or., pink, dirty yellow, purple or blue for harvest in about 100–105 days under residual situation! As green fodder for animal or can make organic manure when they are bearing.... One ha as the boll mature is around 20-21g/100 seeds rainfall of mm... ( locally called Alsando ) is one of the grains contain 25 % protein, 50-60g carbohydrates and minerals... Soils or sandy loams resistant varieties population is high per pod also varies ha by virtue of the Skin,.