Australia Map - Physical Map of Australia Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of Australia showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. On January 26, 1788, colonization of Australia began when Captain Arthur Phillip landed in Port Jackson, which later became Sydney. Although it is a large country, its topography is not too varied, and most of it consists of low desert plateau. It is one of the largest countries on Earth. A Tour of Hidden Australia 10 questions. The first sight of Sydney, whether from the sea or the air, is always spectacular. The outcomes of this review are available in this Information Paper. The Geography of Australia Borders: Australia is an island and a continent. In 1986, The Australia Act furthered the cause. In 1911, Australia's Northern Territory became a part of the Commonwealth (prior control was by South Australia.). The name “Oceania” justly establishes the Pacific Ocean as the defining characteristic of the continent. Europeans did not discover Australia until 1770 when Captain James Cook mapped the island's east coast and claimed the land for Great Britain. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. Australia also has a number of large islands in the Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans and the Coral and Timor Seas as part of its External Territories as well as several closer to the mainland which are larger than 1000 square kilometres.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'australias_guide-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',143,'0','0'])); Despite the popular references to Australia at the bottom of the world in the Southern Hemisphere. They were: In 1901, Australia became a nation but remained a member of the British Commonwealth. About 35 per cent of the continent receives so little rain, it can be classified as desert. Many international travelers visiting Australia underestimate the distances between cities and travel times. It includes a number of hills, mountains and plateaux. Kosciuszko is located in the Snowy Mountains region in New South Wales. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Australia. It has an executive branch with Queen Elizabeth II as the Chief of State as well as a separate prime minister as head of government. ancient and it has some of the oldest geological features in the world. You may already know that the Australian continent includes the Australian mainland and nearby islands, but how well-versed are you in some of the finer details of its geography? Australia is ancient and it has some of the oldest geological features in the world. Their assistance is gratefully acknowledged. The Australia Geography Printables include the following worksheets: an Australian mapping sheet {map rivers, countries, mountains, and other geographical information} an Australian country factsheet to write down information about Australia including when it became a country, current population, climate, type of government, and more. Our editorial is always independent ( learn more ) The Great Dividing Range is a significant geographical feature of Australia. Australia's climate is mostly arid to semiarid, but the south and east are temperate and the north is tropical. Although most of Australia is arid desert, it supports a wide range of habitats, thus making it incredibly biodiverse. Fraser Island off the Queensland coast is Australia’s fifth largest island but the World’s largest sand island. Alpine forests, tropical rainforests, and a wide variety of plants and animals thrive there because of its geographic isolation from the rest of the world. It is made up of more than 3,000 individual reef systems and coral bays and supports more than 1,500 species of fish, 400 species of hard coral, "one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals," including endangered species, according to the World Wildlife Fund. Formerly named Ayers Rock, it covers an area of more than 3 square kilometers and nearly 10km’s around the base. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. In addition, endangered coral reefs are common on Australia's coast—the most famous of these is the Great Barrier Reef. Located in the Australian Outback, the rock stands more than 2,300 feet tall and can be seen from nearly 100 miles. It is the largest country entirely in the southern hemisphere and the largest country without any land borders. Australia is located in Oceania between the Indian and South Pacific Oceans. Australia is a continent and an island located in Oceania between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. Australia is most famous for its marsupial species, which include the kangaroo, koala, and wombat. Australia, the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere. The first of these is Australia. Our most famous rock of course is Uluru in the Northern Territory. The southeast, however, does have fertile plains. Statistical Geography allows users to understand, compare and analyse statistical data for informed decision making about all sorts of places from Cities and Suburbs to Regional Areas or Local Government Areas. Australia is also surrounded by thousands of smaller islands ranging is size from rocky outcrops to some more than twice the size of the Australian Capital Territory. Australia’s capital is Canberra, located in the southeast between the larger and more important economic and cultural centres of Sydney and Melbourne. The diversity of Australia’s features are significant and for those not familiar with the scale of the country, it is easy to think of it as a relatively small island. It also has the greatest number of reptile species in the world as well as some of the most venomous snakes and other dangerous creatures like the crocodile. It shares its name with the country that claims control over it. The River Murray and its tributary, the Darling River, are the main rivers in the Murray-Darling River Basin. It shares no land borders with any other country. The total desert area equates to 18 per cent of the total mainland area of Australia. The southeast, however, does have fertile plains. The Murray-Darling catchment also contains Australia’s longest continuous river system. Copyright © 2020Australias Guide Pty Ltd. Australia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. It is a little-known fact that the highest point on Australian territory is in the Australian Antarctic Territory. It is separated because of its location in the middle of the Indo-Australian Plate and the fact that, due to its location, there was no mountain building during its development. Find out just how much you know with this geography quiz. with an average elevation of only 330 metres. At that time, it is believed that people from Indonesia developed boats that were able to carry them across the Timor Sea, which was lower in sea level at the time. Australia is considered a developed nation, and it has the world's 12th-largest economy and sixth-highest per-capita income. Topping the list is Mt McClintock in the eastern sector of the Territory at 3490 metres with Mt Menzies in the western sector a close second at 3355 metres, both considerably higher than Mount Koscuiszko. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Australia, an island continent, is the smallest of the continents, with a land mass of about 8.5 million square kilometers. The highest point on the Australian mainland is Mount Kosciuszko, New South Wales, at 2228 metres above sea level. It is also known as the Eastern Highlands. The northern half of Australia is situated in the tropical zone and the southern half is situated in the … It is also the lowest, the flattest and (apart from Antarctica) the driest. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Most of Australia and Oceania is under the Pacific, a vast body of water that is larger than all the Earth’s continental landmasses and islands combined. Australia: Physical Features - Map Quiz Game: To outsiders, Australia consists of a few cities, something called the Outback, and not much else. It includes Australia, the smallest continent in terms of total land area. On October 9, 1942, Australia and Great Britain ratified the Statute of Westminster, which began to formally establish the country's independence. It is located between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in the Southern hemisphere. 35 Geography questions and answers for your home pub quiz We may earn commission from links on this page. Australia is the smallest continent (and the largest island) in the world, and terrain ranges from baking red desert to lush green rainforest, and from world-renowned surfing beaches to snow-clad mountains. Australia covers an area of 7,741,220 sq km. This drainage basin comprises the major part of the interior lowlands of Australia, covering more than one million square kilometres, or about 14 per cent of Australia. The country's judicial system is based on English common law and is composed of the High Court as well as lower-level federal, state, and territorial courts. The runner up for Australia’s longest river is the Murrumbidgee River in New South Wales at 1,485 kilometres. You can use these Australia worksheets in schools or at home and they are colourful and well designed. Geography Facts That Will Blow Your Mind. As such, 92% of its vascular plants, 87% of its mammals, 93% of its reptiles, 94% of its frogs, and 45% of its birds are endemic to Australia. 117,410. In its waters, around 89% of Australia's fish species both inland and offshore are restricted only to the country. Australia is in fact the lowest continent in the world in terms of its elevation. What can be seen above the surface of the surrounding plains today is merely the eroded remains of what was a much larger mass of sandstone that was thrust upward and tipped over by geological upheaval 300 -400 million years ago. Create account to play. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system and it stretches over an area of 133,000 square miles (344,400 square kilometers.). Australia has a strong economy due to its extensive natural resources, well-developed industry, and tourism. The lengths of the 10 longest rivers in Australia were re-calculated in September 2008 by Geoscience Australia using data from the National Topographic Database. The largest Australian desert is the Great Victoria desert at 348,750 square kilometres, spanning Western and South Australia. GeoGuessr is a geography game which takes you on a journey around the world and challenges your ability to recognize your surroundings. Most of the first settlers in Australia were convicts who had been transported there from England. The ABS has recently undertaken a review of the Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). Geoscience Australia is the government's technical adviser on all aspects of geoscience, and custodian of the geographical and geological data and knowledge of the … In reality, it is a place so large and unique that the outsider view does not begin to describe its physical diversity. Agriculture also plays a role in the country's economy, and its main products include wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits, cattle, sheep, and poultry. In 1868 the movement of prisoners to Australia ended, but shortly before that, in 1851, gold had been discovered there, which significantly increased its population and helped grow its economy. Australian Geographic acknowledges the First Nations people of Australia as traditional custodians, and pay our respects to Elders past and present, and their stories and …