The features come together and achieve the economic objective which was mainly to sustain a military dominance. Athens was near the sea which was good because it meant they had a good harbor, and that they could trade easily. For most of its history, ancient Egypt's economy operated on a barter system without cash. The hierarchy of Spartan society is rather dominated by the helots and periokoi, despite being on the bottom and fringes of the social ladder and, thus, have a rather influential impact on the economy. Economy has a strong influence on the slave class (helots). Unlike Athens who depended on trade, Sparta’s economy depended on farming and taking control of the neighboring city-states. The periokoi are known to have been craftsmen and laborers, contributing to trade and providing items for Spartan markets. According to the economy means the rules of the household.Now if we go way back to the ancient Greek jobs during the Stone Age, the Greeks were mostly sailors who would sail all through the Mediterranean Sea, just like the rest of the sailors of their time, say for example the Vikings and so on. Print Ancient Sparta: Economy & Trade Worksheet 1. Sparta did not have any coins. Trade was conducted through the port of Gytheum (46km outside the city) where the Periokoi exported wool, wine, oil, pottery and bronzes. Large iron bars. Athenian Economy An important part of life in any community is its economy. The land around Athens did not provide enough food for the entire city’s people. But Athens was near the According to the Ancient Greek Economy did mean the same thing as it does to us. Bronze coins. Sparta was scared that contact with other city-states would lead to new ideas and weaken it's government. What did the Spartans use as their main form of currency? As one begins to discern by examining these patterns, then, farming, manufacture, and trade were all critical components of the ancient Greek economies in Athens and Sparta; however, there are two important caveats that must be offered to understand these in context. 2. Athenian Economy In Athens their economy was based on trade. The economy had four vital features, natural resources, economic objectives, distribution of land and the roles of the Perioikoi and the Helots. The Athenian economy was based on trade. The land that surrounded Athens didn’t provide the people with enough food. They traded with other city-states, and some foreign lands. Sparta did not encourage trade. Sparta didn’t have enough Legend says that an ancient Spartan leader used iron as money as it would be difficult to steal. Sparta’s environment couldn’t take care of all of it citizens. It was not until the Persian Invasion of 525 BCE that a cash economy was instituted in the country. Trade began in the Predynastic Period in Egypt (c. 6000 - c. 3150 BCE) and continued through Roman Egypt (30 BCE-646 CE). An economy is the way a community or region organizes the manufacture and exchange of money, food, products, and services. It was a small but successful port, and without the Perioikoi's contributions and transactions Sparta would not have been able to survive financially. Marshalling a wide array of evidence, these essays investigate and analyse the role of market-exchange in the economy of the ancient Greek world, demonstrating the central importance of markets for production and exchange of goods and services during the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Olives and grapes. Gold coins. The Ancient World TOPIC: Athens v. 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